Implications of heparan sulfate and heparanase in neuroinflammation
2014 (English)In: Matrix Biology, ISSN 0945-053X, E-ISSN 1569-1802, Vol. 35, 174-181 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Heparan sulfate proteoglycans (HSPGs), expressed on the cell surface and in the extracellular matrix of most animal tissues, have essential functions in development and homeostasis, and have been implicated in several pathological conditions. The functions of HSPGs are mainly mediated through interactions of the heparan sulfate (HS) polysaccharide side chains with different protein ligands. The molecular structure of HS is highly diverse, expressed in a cell-type specific manner. The flexible yet controlled structure of HS is primarily generated through a strictly regulated biosynthesis process and is further modified post-synthetically, such as desulfation by endosulfatases and fragmentation by heparanase. Heparanase is an endo-glucuronidase expressed in all tissues. The enzyme has been found up-regulated in a number of pathological conditions, implying a role in diseases mainly through degradation of HS. Emerging evidence demonstrates important roles of HS and heparanase in inflammatory reactions, particularly in the regulation of leukocyte activation and extravasation. Neuroinflammation is a common feature of various central nervous system disorders, thus it is a great interest to understand the implications of HS and heparanase in neuroinflammation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 35, 174-181 p.
Heparan sulfate proteoglycan, Heparanase, Neuroinflammation, Brain, Alzheimer's disease
Microbiology in the medical area Neurosciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-228913DOI: 10.1016/j.matbio.2013.12.009ISI: 000337556500022OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-228913DiVA: diva2:735088