New perspectives on nuclear power - Generation IV nuclear energy systems to strengthen nuclear non-proliferation and support nuclear disarmament
2014 (English)In: Energy Policy, ISSN 0301-4215, Vol. 73, 815-819 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Recently, nuclear power has received support from environmental and climate researchers emphasizing the need to address factors of global importance such as climate change, peace and welfare. Here, we add to previous discussions on meeting future climate goals while securing safe supplies of energy by discussing future nuclear energy systems in the perspective of strengthening nuclear non-proliferation and aiding in the process of reducing stockpiles of nuclear weapons materials.
New nuclear energy systems, currently under development within the Generation IV (Gen IV) framework, are being designed to offer passive safety and inherent means to mitigate consequences of nuclear accidents. Here, we describe how these systems may also be used to reduce or even eliminate stockpiles of civil and military plutonium—the former present in waste from today׳s reactors and the latter produced for weapons purposes. It is argued that large-scale implementation of Gen IV systems would impose needs for strong nuclear safeguards. The deployment of Safeguards-by-Design principles in the design and construction phases can avoid draining of IAEA resources by enabling more effective and cost-efficient nuclear safeguards, as compared to the current safeguards implementation, which was enforced decades after the first nuclear power plants started operation.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 73, 815-819 p.
Nuclear energy, Generation IV, Nuclear safeguards, Nuclear non-proliferation, Disarmament
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229153DOI: 10.1016/j.enpol.2014.06.026ISI: 000341474100076OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229153DiVA: diva2:735915