Challenges in the Local Treatment of Large Abdominal Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma
2014 (English)In: Annals of Surgical Oncology, ISSN 1068-9265, E-ISSN 1534-4681, Vol. 21, no 11, 3579-3586 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma is the most common pediatric soft tissue sarcoma. The best local treatment in large, nonmetastatic primary unresected nongenitourinary embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma of the abdomen (LARME) is however unclear.
We analyzed patients with LARME treated in four consecutive CWS trials. All diagnoses were confirmed by reference reviews. Treatment included multiagent chemotherapy and local treatment of the primary tumor with surgery and/or radiotherapy. The impact of primary debulking surgery (PDS) also was studied.
One hundred patients <21 years with a median age of 4 years had LARME. Sixty-one of them had a tumor >10 cm in diameter at diagnosis. PDS was performed in 19 of 100 children. The outcomes of patients with PDS were similar to those of the other patients. In 36 children, the tumor was resected after induction chemotherapy; 60 RME were irradiated. The toxic effects of radiochemotherapy were not significantly increased compared with the nonirradiated patients. With a median follow-up of 10 years, the 5-year EFS and OS were 52 ± 10 and 65 ± 9 %, respectively. Significant risk factors in multivariate analysis were age >10 years; no achievement of complete remission; and inadequate secondary local treatment, defined as incomplete secondary resection or no radiation.
Children with LARME have a fair prognosis, despite an often huge tumor size and unfavorable primary site, if the tumors can either be resected or irradiated following induction chemotherapy. PDS was only performed in a small subgroup. Radiation performed concomitantly with chemotherapy did not increase the acute toxicity significantly.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 21, no 11, 3579-3586 p.
Cancer and Oncology Surgery
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229164DOI: 10.1245/s10434-014-3551-7ISI: 000342144900036PubMedID: 25047462OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229164DiVA: diva2:735940