School nurses’ attitudes and experiences regarding the human papillomavirus vaccination programme in Sweden: a population-based survey
2014 (English)In: BMC Public Health, ISSN 1471-2458, Vol. 14, no 540, 1-9 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background: Sweden introduced a school-based human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination programme in 2012, andschool nurses are responsible for managing the vaccinations. The aim of the present study was to investigate theattitudes and experiences of school nurses regarding the school-based HPV vaccination programme 1 year after itsimplementation.Methods: Data were collected using a web-based questionnaire in the spring of 2013, and 83.1% (851/1024) ofnurses responded.Results: There were strong associations between the nurses’ education about the HPV vaccine and their perceivedknowledge about the vaccine and a favourable attitude towards vaccination (both p < 0.001). School nurses whoreceived a high level of education were more likely to have a positive attitude to HPV vaccination compared withnurses with little education about HPV vaccination (adjusted odds ratio [OR] = 9.8; 95% confidence interval [CI]:3.797–25.132). Nurses with high perceived knowledge were more likely to have a positive attitude compared withthose with a low level of perceived knowledge (OR = 2.5; 95% CI: 1.299–4.955). If financial support from thegovernment was used to fund an additional school nurse, nurses were more likely to have a positive attitude thanif the financial support was not used to cover the extra expenses incurred by the HPV vaccination (OR = 2.1; 95% CI:1.051–4.010). The majority, 648 (76.1%), had been contacted by parents with questions about the vaccine, mostlyrelated to adverse effects. In addition, 570 (66.9%) stated that they had experienced difficulties with thevaccinations, and 337 (59.1%) of these considered the task to be time-consuming.Conclusions: A high level of education and perceived good knowledge about HPV are associated with a positiveattitude of school nurses to the HPV vaccination programme. Thus, nurses require adequate knowledge, education,skills and time to address the questions and concerns of parents, as well as providing information about HPV.Strategic financial support is required because HPV vaccination is a complex and time-consuming task.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
BioMed Central, 2014. Vol. 14, no 540, 1-9 p.
Attitude, Experience, Human papillomavirus, School health, School nurse, Vaccination
Research subject Caring Sciences
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229189DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-14-540ISI: 000338959600002PubMedID: 24886332OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229189DiVA: diva2:736117
FunderSwedish Cancer Society, 130744