uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Constraining helicopter electromagnetic models of the Okavango Delta with seismic-refraction and seismic-reflection data
Show others and affiliations
2014 (English)In: Geophysics, ISSN 0016-8033, E-ISSN 1942-2156, Vol. 79, no 3, p. B123-B134Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Electrical resistivity models derived from exceptionally high-quality helicopter transient electromagnetic data recorded across the Okavango Delta in Botswana, one of the world's great inland deltas or megafans, include three principal layers: (1) an upper heterogeneous layer of dry and water-saturated sand, (2) an intermediate electrically conductive layer that likely comprises saline-water-saturated sand and clay, and (3) a lower fan-shaped electrically resistive layer of freshwater-saturated sand/gravel and/or crystalline basement. If part of the lower layer comprises a freshwater aquifer, it would be evidence for a recently proposed Paleo Okavango Megafan and a major new source of freshwater. In an attempt to constrain the interpretation of the lower layer, we acquired two high-resolution seismic refraction and reflection data sets at each of two investigation sites: one near the center of the delta and one along its western edge. The interface between unconsolidated sediments and basement near the center of the delta is well defined by an similar to 1800 to similar to 4500 m/s increase in P-wave velocities, a change in seismic reflection facies, and a strong continuous reflection. This interface is about 45 m deeper than the top of the lower resistive layer, thus providing support for the Paleo Okavango Megafan hypothesis. Subhorizontal seismic reflectors are additional evidence for a sedimentary origin of the upper part of the lower resistive layer. In contrast to the observations at the delta's center, the interface between unconsolidated sediments and basement along its western edge, which is also defined by a similar to 1800 to similar to 4500 m/s increase in P-wave velocities and a continuous reflection, coincides with the top of the resistive layer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 79, no 3, p. B123-B134
National Category
Geophysics
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229528DOI: 10.1190/GEO2013-0278.1ISI: 000338322900004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229528DiVA, id: diva2:737176
Available from: 2014-08-12 Created: 2014-08-11 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text in DiVA

Other links

Publisher's full text

Authority records BETA

Kalscheuer, Thomas

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Kalscheuer, Thomas
By organisation
Geophysics
In the same journal
Geophysics
Geophysics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar

doi
urn-nbn

Altmetric score

doi
urn-nbn
Total: 345 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf