Exercise-induced dyspnea is a problem among the general adolescent population
2014 (English)In: Respiratory Medicine, ISSN 0954-6111, E-ISSN 1532-3064, Vol. 108, no 6, 852-858 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Rationale: Respiratory symptoms during exercise are common and might limit adolescents' ability to take part in physical activity. Objective: To estimate the prevalence, determinants and consequences of exercise-induced dyspnea (EID) on daily life in a general population of 12-13 year old adolescents. Methods: A letter was sent to the parents of all 12-13 year old adolescents in the city of Uppsala (n = 3838). Parents were asked to complete a questionnaire together with their child on EID, asthma and allergy, consequences for daily life (wheeze, day time- and nocturnal dyspnea) and physical activity. The response rate was 60% (n = 2309). Results: Fourteen percent (n = 330) reported EID, i.e. had experienced an attack of shortness of breath that occurred after strenuous activity within the last 12 months. Female gender, ever-asthma and rhinitis were independently associated with an increased risk of EID. Ever-asthma was reported by 14.6% (n = 338), and 5.4% (n = 128) had both EID and ever-asthma. Sixty-one percent (n = 202) of the participants with EID did not have a diagnosis of asthma. In addition to rhinitis, participants with EID reported current wheeze and day-time as well as nocturnal dyspnea more often. than the group without EID. No difference was found in the level of physical activity between participants with and without EID. Conclusion: Adolescents with undiagnosed exercise-induced dyspnea have respiratory symptoms and are affected in daily life but have the same level of physical activity as adolescents without exercise-induced respiratory symptoms.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 108, no 6, 852-858 p.
Exercise-induced dyspnea, Asthma, Exercise, Adolescents, Questionnaire
Respiratory Medicine and Allergy Physiotherapy
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229524DOI: 10.1016/j.rmed.2014.03.010ISI: 000338409500004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229524DiVA: diva2:737191