Not on the edge: The syntax and pragmatics of clause-initial negation in Swedish
2014 (English)In: Journal of Comparative Germanic Linguistics, ISSN 1383-4924, E-ISSN 1572-8552, Vol. 17, no 2, 97-128 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The possibility of topicalizing sentential negation is severely restricted in the Germanic V2-languages. In this paper, we show that negative preposing was more frequent and less restricted in earlier stages of Swedish: approx. 8 % of all occurrences of negation are clause initial in Old Swedish, compared to less than 0.5 % in present day Swedish. We propose that this change in frequency can be traced to the syntactic status of the negative element. More specifically, we argue that Old Swedish eigh 'not' may function as a syntactic head and cliticize to the finite verb in [C-0]. This possibility is not open to the XP inte 'not' in Modern Swedish. In Modern Swedish, we argue that the restrictions on negative preposing instead are related to more general pragmatic restrictions on the information expressed in [Spec,CP]: according to our hypothesis, negative preposing is licensed by contrast.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 17, no 2, 97-128 p.
Old Swedish, Modern Swedish, Topicalization, Negation, Diachronic change, Spec-CP, Germanic languages
Research subject Scandinavian Languages
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229811DOI: 10.1007/s10828-014-9068-4ISI: 000342083700001OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229811DiVA: diva2:737800
Publicerad online augusti 2014.2014-08-142014-08-142014-10-29Bibliographically approved