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Precession and interference in the Aharonov-Casher and scalar Aharonov-Bohm effect
Institut für Theoretische Fysik, Universität Hannover, Germany.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Chemistry, Department of Quantum Chemistry.
2003 (English)In: Foundations of physics, ISSN 0015-9018, E-ISSN 1572-9516, Vol. 33, no 7, 1085-1105 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The ideal scalar Aharonov-Bohm (SAB) and Aharonov-Casher (AC) effect involve a magnetic dipole pointing in a certain fixed direction: along a purely time dependent magnetic field in the SAB case and perpendicular to a planar static electric field in the AC case. We extend these effects to arbitrary direction of the magnetic dipole. The precise conditions for having nondispersive precession and interference effects in these generalized set ups are delineated both classically and quantally. Under these conditions the dipole is affected by a nonvanishing torque that causes pure precession around the directions defined by the ideal set ups. It is shown that the precession angles are in the quantal case linearly related to the ideal phase differences, and that the nonideal phase differences are nonlinearly related to the ideal phase differences. It is argued that the latter nonlinearity is due the appearance of a geometric phase associated with the nontrivial spin path. It is further demonstrated that the spatial force vanishes in all cases except in the classical treatment of the nonideal AC set up, where the occurring force has to be compensated by the experimental arrangement. Finally, for a closed space-time loop the local precession effects can be inferred from the interference pattern characterized by the nonideal phase differences and the visibilities. It is argued that this makes it natural to regard SAB and AC as essentially local and nontopological effects.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 33, no 7, 1085-1105 p.
Keyword [en]
topological phases, dipole precession, interferometry
National Category
Physical Sciences
Research subject
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-45916DOI: 10.1023/A:1025637918269ISI: 000185208300004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-45916DiVA: diva2:73824
Available from: 2006-12-21 Created: 2006-12-21 Last updated: 2011-10-05

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