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Cross-border health and productivity effects of alcohol policies
Uppsala University, Units outside the University, Office of Labour Market Policy Evaluation. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Economics.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Health Economics, ISSN 0167-6296, E-ISSN 1879-1646, Vol. 36, 125-136 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This paper studies the cross-border health and productivity effects of alcohol taxes. We estimate the effect of a large cut in the Finnish alcohol tax on mortality, alcohol-related illnesses and work absenteeism in Sweden. This tax cut led to large differences in the prices of alcoholic beverages between these two countries and to a considerable increase in cross-border shopping. The effect is identified using differences-in-differences strategy where changes in these outcomes in regions near the Finnish border are compared to changes in other parts of northern Sweden. We use register data where micro level data on deaths, hospitalisations and absenteeism is merged to population-wide micro data on demographics and labour market outcomes. Our results show that the Finnish tax cut did not have any clear effect on mortality or alcohol-related hospitalisations in Sweden. However, we find that workplace absenteeism increased by 9% for males and by 15% for females near the Finnish border as a result of the tax cut. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 36, 125-136 p.
Keyword [en]
Cross-border shopping, Alcohol taxes, Health effects of alcohol, Mortality, Absenteeism
National Category
Health Sciences Economics and Business
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229731DOI: 10.1016/j.jhealeco.2014.04.002ISI: 000338407000009PubMedID: 24792191OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229731DiVA: diva2:738252
Available from: 2014-08-16 Created: 2014-08-12 Last updated: 2014-08-16Bibliographically approved

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Johansson, Per
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Office of Labour Market Policy EvaluationDepartment of Economics
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