Natural and Controlled Source Magnetotelluric Data Processing and Modeling
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
In this thesis, four studies using different geophysical electromagnetic methods are presented. In the first study dealing with airborne measurements, the noise response due to the rotation of the aircraft and the aircraft itself as a metallic conductive body on the Earth's electromagnetic response in very low frequency and low frequency band was investigated. The magnetic fields are independent of the aircraft in the VLF band and part of the LF band. But at higher frequencies (above 100 kHz), the signals are more influenced by the aircraft. The aircraft also generates its own noise frequencies which are mixed with the radio transmitter signals. The second and third studies are applications of radio-, controlled source-magnetotellurics and electrical resistivity tomography methods at a quick-clay landslide site in southwest Sweden. The data are processed and modeled in 2D and 3D, and the models are compared with high-resolution seismic and geotechnical data. The obtained results were further validated and refined by performing synthetic tests in the second study. The third study shows that the 3D models provide larger and more continuous volume of the quick clay structure than traditional 2D models. Both studies have shown that integrated application of geophysical methods for landslides is ideal. Quick clays often overlie the coarse-grained layers showing an increase of resistivity values in the models. In the fourth study, a new audio magnetotelluric data acquisition technique is developed and is named moving magnetotellurics (MMT). In this new technique, the magnetic sensors are placed on the ground and only 15 to 20 minutes data are acquired for each station, which usually is enough to cover the frequency range 30-300 Hz. The new technique is more efficient and convenient than the traditional magnetotelluric method, and test measurements have shown that it is an applicable method in shallow depth studies.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. , 53 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1165
Geophysics, Airborne Electromagnetic Method, Radio Magnetotellurics, Controlled Source Magnetotellurics, Electrical Resistivity Tomography, Moving Magnetotellurics, 2D inversion, 3D inversion
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229917ISBN: 978-91-554-9001-0OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229917DiVA: diva2:738379
2014-10-03, Hambergsalen, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 10:00 (English)
Rasmussen, Thorkild, Professor
Kalscheuer, Thomas, Senior lecturerPedersen, Laust, ProfessorBastani, Mehrdad
List of papers