Immunohistochemical LRIG3 expression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia and invasive squamous cell cervical cancer: association with expression of tumor markers, hormones, high-risk HPV-infection, smoking and patient outcome
2014 (English)In: European journal of histochemistry, ISSN 1121-760X, E-ISSN 2038-8306, Vol. 58, no 2, 83-87 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The novel biomarker LRIG3 is a member of the LRIG family (LRIG1-3). While LRIG1 has been associated with favorable prognosis and LRIG2 with poor prognosis in invasive cervical cancer, little is known about the role of LRIG3. The aim of this study was to investigate the expression of LRIG3 in invasive cancer and cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) for possible correlation with other tumor markers, to hormones and smoking, as a diagnostic adjunct in CIN, and prognostic value in invasive cancer. Cervical biopsies from 129 patients with invasive squamous cell carcinoma and 170 biopsies showing low grade and high grade CIN, or normal epithelium were stained for LRIG3 and 17 additional tumor markers. Among other variables the following were included: smoking habits, hormonal contraceptive use, serum progesterone, serum estradiol, high-risk HPV-infection, meno pausal status and ten-year survival. In CIN, high expression of the tumor suppressors retinoblastoma protein, p53, and p16, and Ecadherin (cell-cell interaction), or low expression of CK10, correlated to LRIG3 expression. In addition, progestogenic contraceptive use correlated to high expression of LRIG3. In invasive cancer there was a correlation between expression of the major tumor promoter c-myc and high LRIG3 expression. High LRIG3 expression correlated significantly to presence of high-risk HPV infection in patients with normal epithelium and CIN. There was no correlation between LRIG3 expression and 10-year survival in patients with invasive cell cervical cancer. LRIG3 expression is associated with a number of molecular events in CIN. Expression also correlates to hormonal contraceptive use. The results on expression of other tumor markers suggest that LRIG3 is influ-markers in cancer and precancerous cells. Further studies are needed to elucidate if LRIG3 expression might be clinically useful.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 58, no 2, 83-87 p.
LRIG3, cervical cancer, cervical intraepithelial neoplasia, biological markers, human papillomavirus, hormonal contraceptives, smoking
Cancer and Oncology Cell and Molecular Biology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-229981DOI: 10.4081/ejh.2014.2227ISI: 000338624700001PubMedID: 24998916OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-229981DiVA: diva2:738623