TGF beta and matrix-regulated epithelial to mesenchymal transition
2014 (English)In: Biochimica et Biophysica Acta - General Subjects, ISSN 0304-4165, E-ISSN 1872-8006, Vol. 1840, no 8, 2621-2634 p.Article, review/survey (Refereed) Published
Background: The progression of cancer through stages that guide a benign hyperplastic epithelial tissue towards a fully malignant and metastatic carcinoma, is driven by genetic and microenvironmental factors that remodel the tissue architecture. The concept of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) has evolved to emphasize the importance of plastic changes in tissue architecture, and the cross-communication of tumor cells with various cells in the stroma and with specific molecules in the extracellular matrix (ECM). Scope of the review: Among the multitude of ECM-embedded cytokines and the regulatory potential of ECM molecules, this article focuses on the cytokine transforming growth factor p (TOM) and the glycosaminoglycan hyaluronan, and their roles in cancer biology and EMT. For brevity, we concentrate our effort on breast cancer. Major conclusions: Both normal and abnormal TGF beta, signaling can be detected in carcinoma and stromal cells, and TGF beta-induced EMT requires the expression of hyaluronan synthase 2 (HAS2). Correspondingly, hyaluronan is a major constituent of tumor ECM and aberrant levels of both hyaluronan and TGF beta are thought to promote a wounding reaction to the local tissue homeostasis. The link between EMT and metastasis also involves the mesenchymal epithelial transition (MET). ECM components, signaling networks, regulatory non-coding RNAs and epigenetic mechanisms form the network of regulation during EMT-MET. General significance: Understanding the mechanism that controls epithelial plasticity in the mammary gland promises the development of valuable biomarkers for the prognosis of breast cancer progression and even provides new ideas for a more integrative therapeutic approach against disease. This article is part of a Special Issue entitled Matrix-mediated cell behaviour and properties. (C) 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 1840, no 8, 2621-2634 p.
Epithelial-mesenchymal transition, Hyaluronan, Proteoglycan, Signal transduction, Transforming growth factor beta, Tumor invasiveness
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Biophysics
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-230238DOI: 10.1016/j.bbagen.2014.02.004ISI: 000339035400024OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-230238DiVA: diva2:739807