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Neuroticism-related personality traits are associated with post-abortion posttraumatic stress
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
Karolinska Institutet.
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2014 (English)In: Archives of Women's Mental Health, ISSN 1434-1816, E-ISSN 1435-1102Article in journal (Other academic) Submitted
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Keyword [en]
abortion induce, anxiety disorders, personality, stress disorder posttraumatic
National Category
Medical and Health Sciences
Research subject
Medical Science
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-230475OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-230475DiVA: diva2:740796
Available from: 2014-08-26 Created: 2014-08-26 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Induced Abortions and Posttraumatic Stress - Is there any relation?: A Swedish multi-centre study
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Induced Abortions and Posttraumatic Stress - Is there any relation?: A Swedish multi-centre study
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Introduction: Induced abortion is a common medical intervention. Whether psychological sequelae might follow induced abortion has long been a subject of concern among researchers, and there is lack of knowledge about the relationship between posttraumatic disorder (PTSD) and induced abortion. Aims: To study and compare PTSD, posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS) and anxiety- and depressive symptoms among women seeking abortion, allowing for demographic variables. Further aims were to assess risk factors and to assess PTSD and PTSS following induced abortion in relation to experienced care at the clinic. Methods: This was a multi-centre cohort study targeting women who requested an induced abortion at the outpatient clinics of the gynaecology and obstetrics departments of six public hospitals in Sweden. All women who requested an induced abortion before the end of gestational week 12 were approached for participation. PTSD, PTSS, anxiety- and depressive symptoms, personality traits and women’s perceptions of abortion care were measured by means of questionnaires. Measurements were made at the first visit before the abortion as well as three- and six-months thereafter. Data collection was performed from September 2009 to January 2011. Results: 1,514 women filled out the questionnaire before the abortion. Abortion-seeking women did not suffer from PTSD to a greater extent than the general Swedish female population. Few women (51/720) developed PTSD or PTSS after the abortion, 11 did so due to trauma experience related to the abortion. Women at risk of posttraumatic stress were more likely to be young, having anxiety- or depressive symptoms and personality traits related to neuroticism. Furthermore, women with PTSD or PTSS were more likely to perceive certain aspects of the abortion care as deficient. Conclusions: The vast majority of women coped well with the induced abortion. Few developed posttraumatic stress post abortion. The majority did so because of trauma experiences unrelated to the induced abortion. Young women and women with mental distress are vulnerable groups that need to be paid attention to in abortion care. These women are at risk for negative experiences of the abortion care, and may be at risk of PTSD or PTSS post abortion

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 73 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Medicine, ISSN 1651-6206 ; 1022
Keyword
Abortion Induced, Stress Disorders Posttraumatic, Anxiety, Depression, Mental Health, Personality Traits, Ambulatory Care Facilities
National Category
Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Medicine
Research subject
Medical Science
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-230489 (URN)978-91-554-9014-0 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-10-10, Eva Netzelius-salen, Blåsenhus, von Kraemers allé 1A, Uppsala, 09:15 (Swedish)
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Supervisors
Note

Contact: Sophiahemmet University, Box 5605, SE-114 86 Stockholm, Sweden

Available from: 2014-09-19 Created: 2014-08-26 Last updated: 2015-01-22

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Wallin Lundell, IngerSundström Poromaa, IngerEkselius, LisaFrans, ÖrjanHögberg, UlfSvanberg, Agneta Skoog

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Wallin Lundell, IngerSundström Poromaa, IngerEkselius, LisaFrans, ÖrjanHögberg, UlfSvanberg, Agneta Skoog
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Obstetrics and GynaecologyPsychiatry, University HospitalDepartment of Psychology
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