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Weight and body mass index in relation to irradiated volume and to overall survival in patients with oropharyngeal cancer: a retrospective cohort study
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2014 (English)In: Radiation Oncology, ISSN 1748-717X, Vol. 9, 160- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Background: Weight loss is a common problem in patients with Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Head and Neck (SCCHN) treated with radiotherapy (RT). The aims of the present study were to determine if treated volume (TV), as a measure of the radiation dose burden, can predict weight loss in patients with oropharyngeal cancer and to analyze weight loss and body mass index (BMI) in the same patient group in relation to 5-year overall survival. Methods: The ARTSCAN trial is a prospective, randomized, multicenter trial in patients with SCCHN. Nutritional data from the ARTSCAN trial were analyzed retrospectively using univariate and multivariate statistical methods based on information on percentage weight loss from the start of RT up to five months after the termination of RT (study cohort 1, n = 232) and information on patients' BMI at the start of RT (study cohort 2, n = 203). TV was defined as the volume of the patient receiving at least 95% of the prescribed dose. TV64.6 (Gy) encompasses macroscopic tumor and TV43.7 (Gy) elective lymph nodes of the neck. Results: TV64.6 Gy and TV43.7 Gy were both significantly correlated with higher weight loss up to five months after the termination of RT in study cohort 1 (p < 0.001 for both). BMI at the start of RT was shown to be a prognostic factor for 5-year overall survival in study cohort 2 but weight loss was not. The hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals were 3.78 (1.46-9.75) and 2.57 (1.43-4.62) in patients with underweight and normal weight, respectively. Conclusions: TV can predict weight loss during RT in patients with oropharyngeal cancer regardless of clinical stage. A high BMI (>25 kg/m(2)) at the start of RT is positively associated with survival in patients with oropharyngeal cancer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, 160- p.
Keyword [en]
Oropharyngeal cancer, Treated volume, Weight loss, Body mass index, Survival
National Category
Surgery Cancer and Oncology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231121DOI: 10.1186/1748-717X-9-160ISI: 000339593400001PubMedID: 25052587OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-231121DiVA: diva2:743662
Available from: 2014-09-04 Created: 2014-09-04 Last updated: 2014-09-04Bibliographically approved

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Laurell, Göran
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Otolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery
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