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Optimizing the Design of Small Fast Spectrum Battery-Type Nuclear Reactors
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
2014 (English)In: Energies, ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 7, no 8, 4910-4937 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study is focused on defining and optimizing the design parameters of inherently safe “battery” type sodium-cooled metallic-fueled nuclear reactor cores that operate on a single stationary fuel loading at full power for 30 years. A total of 29 core designs were developed with varying power and flow conditions, including detailed thermal-hydraulic, structural-mechanical and neutronic analysis. Given set constraints for irradiation damage, primary cycle pressure drop and inherent safety considerations, the attainable power range and performance characteristics of the systems are defined. The optimum power level for a core with a coolant pressure drop limit of 100 kPa and an irradiation damage limit of 200 DPA (displacements per atom) is found to be 100 MWt/40 MWe. Raising the power level of an optimized core gives significantly higher attainable power densities and burnup, but severely decreases safety margins and increases the irradiation damage. A fully optimized inherently safe battery-type fast reactor core with an active height and diameter of 150 cm (2.6 m3), a pressure drop limit of 100 kPa and an irradiation damage limit of 300 DPA can be designed to operate at 150 MWt/60 MWe for 30 years, reaching an average discharge burnup of 100 MWd/kg-actinide.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 7, no 8, 4910-4937 p.
National Category
Energy Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231349DOI: 10.3390/en7084910ISI: 000341230200009OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-231349DiVA: diva2:744232
Available from: 2014-09-08 Created: 2014-09-08 Last updated: 2014-10-01Bibliographically approved

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Publisher's full texthttp://www.mdpi.com/1996-1073/7/8/4910

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Qvist, Staffan
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