Thermal fluctuations in artificial spin ice
2014 (English)In: Nature Nanotechnology, ISSN 1748-3387, Vol. 9, no 7, 514-519 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Artificial spin ice systems have been proposed as a playground for the study of monopole-like magnetic excitations(1,2), similar to those observed in pyrochlore spin ice materials(3). Currents of magnetic monopole excitations have been observed's, demonstrating the possibility for the realization of magnetic-charge-based circuitry. Artificial spin ice systems that support thermal fluctuations can serve as an ideal setting for observing dynamical effects such as monopole propagation and as a potential medium for magnetricity investigations(1,2). Here, we report on the transition from a frozen to a dynamic state in artificial spin ice with a square lattice. Magnetic imaging is used to determine the magnetic state of the islands in thermal equilibrium. The temperature-induced onset of magnetic fluctuations and excitation populations are shown to depend on the lattice spacing and related interaction strength between islands. The excitations are described by Boltzmann distributions with their factors in the frozen state relating to the blocking temperatures of the array. Our results provide insight into the design of thermal artificial spin ice arrays where the magnetic charge density and response to external fields can be studied in thermal equilibrium.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 9, no 7, 514-519 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-230516DOI: 10.1038/NNANO.2014.104ISI: 000339091600010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-230516DiVA: diva2:744408