Single-centre long-term follow-up of live kidney donors demonstrates preserved kidney function but the necessity of a structured lifelong follow-up
2014 (English)In: Upsala Journal of Medical Sciences, ISSN 0300-9734, E-ISSN 2000-1967, Vol. 119, no 3, 236-241 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Background. The increase of live kidney donation (LKD) demands that we scrutinize its long-term consequences. Socialized medicine in Sweden has allowed us to survey long-term consequences of LKD with a high response rate. Methods. Between 1974 and 2008, 455 LKDs were performed; 28 donors were deceased and 14 had moved abroad at the time of the survey. Of the remaining 413, 96% agreed to participate in a retrospective study with laboratory testing and answering a questionnaire. Results. Mean age at donation was 49 +/- 10 years, and the mean time since nephrectomy was 11 +/- 7 years (range 1-33). No death was of renal cause. S-creatinine at follow-up was 93 +/- 18 mu mol/L, 28% had treated hypertension, of whom only 52% had BP <140/90. Eleven per cent had spot microalbuminuria, and 1% were diagnosed with diabetes mellitus. Seventy-one per cent had check-ups at least every second year, but 14% had no check-ups. Eighty per cent would be willing to donate again if it were possible, and only 3% regretted the donation. Conclusion. Renal function is well preserved in the long term after donation, no case of end-stage renal disease was identified, and a large majority of our donors would donate again if it were possible. Although rates of microalbuminuria and hypertension were at expected levels, a significant number of donors demonstrated elevated blood pressure levels and inadequate antihypertensive treatment. A relatively large number of donors did not receive regular check-ups. Both of these issues demonstrate the need for a better-structured lifelong follow-up.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 119, no 3, 236-241 p.
Follow-up, kidney, live, live donors, long-term
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231219DOI: 10.3109/03009734.2014.899654ISI: 000340110800004OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-231219DiVA: diva2:744771