Energetic Tuning by tRNA Modifications Ensures Correct Decoding of Isoleucine and Methionine on the Ribosome
2014 (English)In: Chemistry - A European Journal, ISSN 0947-6539, E-ISSN 1521-3765, Vol. 20, no 33, 10271-10275 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Chemical modifications of tRNAs are critical for accurate translation of the genetic code on the ribosome. The discrimination between isoleucine (AUA) and methionine (AUG) codons depends on such modifications of the wobble position in isoleucine tRNA anticodon loops, in all kingdoms of life. Bacteria and archaea employ functionally similar lysine- and agmatine-conjugated cytidine derivatives to ensure decoding fidelity, but the thermodynamics underlying codon discrimination remains unknown. Here, we report structure-based computer simulations that quantitatively reveal the energetics of this decoding strategy in archaea. The results further show that the agmatidine modification confers tRNA specificity primarily by desolvation of the incorrect codon in the non-cognate complex. Tautomerism is found to play no significant role in this decoding system as the usual amino form of the modified tRNA is by far the most stable.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 20, no 33, 10271-10275 p.
codon reading, molecular dynamics, ribosomes, tRNA modification
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-232003DOI: 10.1002/chem.201404016ISI: 000340469800015OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-232003DiVA: diva2:746888