Interferometry of chemically peculiar stars: theoretical predictions versus modern observing facilities
2014 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 443, no 2, 1629-1642 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
By means of numerical experiments we explore the application of interferometry to the detection and characterization of abundance spots in chemically peculiar (CP) stars using the brightest star epsilon UMa as a case study. We find that the best spectral regions to search for spots and stellar rotation signatures are in the visual domain. The spots can clearly be detected already at a first visibility lobe and their signatures can be uniquely disentangled from that of rotation. The spots and rotation signatures can also be detected in near-infrared at low spectral resolution but baselines longer than 180 m are needed for all potential CP candidates. According to our simulations, an instrument like VEGA (or its successor e. g. Fibered and spectrally Resolved Interferometric Equipment New Design) should be able to detect, in the visual, the effect of spots and spots+rotation, provided that the instrument is able to measure V-2 approximate to 10(-3), and/or closure phase. In infrared, an instrument like AMBER but with longer baselines than the ones available so far would be able to measure rotation and spots. Our study provides necessary details about strategies of spot detections and the requirements for modern and planned interferometric facilities essential for CP star research.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 443, no 2, 1629-1642 p.
techniques: interferometric, stars: atmospheres, stars: chemically peculiar, stars: individual: epsilon UMa
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-231976DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1259ISI: 000340436800054OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-231976DiVA: diva2:747071