Effect of ductile and frictional decollements on style of extension
2003 (English)In: Journal of Structural Geology, ISSN 0191-8141, Vol. 25, no 9, 1401-1423 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Scaled analogue models were used to study the effect of frictional and ductile detachments on thin-skinned extension. Models consisted of two halves; one half is the ductile and the other has a frictional detachment. Extension occurred above two different basal configurations: a stretchable rubber sheet and a folded, banded sheet intended to produce homogeneous and heterogeneous extension, respectively. Model parameters varied systematically and included the brittle/ductile thickness ratio, rheologies, and bulk strain. Structures in the two halves are compared in profiles and plan views. A series of graben developed above both halves of models extended above a banded sheet, although there were differences in style, propagation rate and width of the deformation zone between the two halves. Different rates of propagation of structures in the two halves led to the formation of an accommodation or transfer zone parallel to the extension direction. Most relay ramps and inflection of normal faults in this zone indicate differential extension between the two halves.
In contrast, in models extended above a stretchable rubber sheet, extensional structures such as horst and graben developed only above the ductile detachment. Model results indicate that heterogeneous mechanical stratigraphy and displacement rate have no effect on extensional structure above a rubber sheet. However, above 20% bulk extension, deformation becomes heterogeneous along multiple sets of conjugate faults oblique to the extension direction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 25, no 9, 1401-1423 p.
Extension, Analogue modelling, Ductile detachment, Frictional detachment
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-47182DOI: 10.1016/S0191-8141(02)00201-8OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-47182DiVA: diva2:75089