Overproduction of release factor reduces spontaneous frameshifting and frameshift suppression by mutant elongation factor Tu
1990 (English)In: Journal of Bacteriology, ISSN 0021-9193, E-ISSN 1098-5530, Vol. 172, no 12, 6721-6726 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Mutant forms of elongation factor Tu encoded by tufA8 and tufB103 in Salmonella typhimurium cause suppression of some but not all frameshift mutations. All of the suppressed mutations in S. typhimurium have frameshift windows ending in the termination codon UGA. Because both tufA8 and tufB103 are moderately efficient UGA suppressors, we asked whether the efficiency of frameshifting is influenced by the level of misreading at UGA. We introduced plasmids synthesizing either one of the release factors into strains in which the tuf mutations suppress a test frameshift mutation. We found tht overproduction of release factor 2 (which catalyzes release at UGA and UAA) reduced frameshifting promoted by the tuf mutations at all sites tested. However, at one of these sites, trpE91, overproduction of release factor 1 also reduced suppression. The spontaneous level of frameshift 'leakiness' at three sites in trpE, each terminating in UGA, was reduced in strains carrying the release factor 2 plasmid. We conclude that both spontaneous and suppressor-enhanced reading-frame shifts are influenced by the activity of peptide chain release factors. However, the data suggest that the effect of release factor on frameshifting does not necessarily depend on the presence of the normal triplet termination signal.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
1990. Vol. 172, no 12, 6721-6726 p.
Microbiology in the medical area
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-47261ISI: A1990EL03400018OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-47261DiVA: diva2:75168