Although knowledge translation is one of the most widely used concepts in health and medicalliterature, there is a sense of ambiguity and confusion over its definition. The aim of this paper is to clarify thecharacteristics of KT. This will assist the theoretical development of it and shape its implementation into thehealth care system
Walker and Avant’s framework was used to analyze the concept and the related literature publishedbetween 2000 and 2010 was reviewed. A total of 112 papers were analyzed.
Review of the literature showed that "KT is a process" and "implementing refined knowledge into aparticipatory context through a set of challenging activities" are the characteristics of KT. Moreover, to occursuccessfully, KT needssome necessary antecedents like an integrated source of knowledge, a receptive context,and preparedness. The main consequence of successful process is a change in four fields of healthcare, i.e. quali-ty of patient care, professional practice, health system, and community. In addition, this study revealed someempirical referents which are helpful to evaluate the process.
By aiming to portray a clear picture of KT, we highlighted its attributes, antecedents, conse-quences and empiricalreferents. Identifying the characteristics of this concept may resolve the existing ambigui-ties in its definition and boundaries thereby facilitate distinction from similar concepts. In addition, these find-ings can be used as a knowledge infrastructure fordeveloping the KT-related models, theories, or tools.
2014. Vol. 28, 98- p.