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Stakeholders' views towards flood risk management in the Paz River catchment area of Guatemala and El Salvador
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL. Facultad de Agronom í a, Universidad de San Carlos de Guatemala.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Peace and Conflict Research. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
2015 (English)In: Local Environment: the International Journal of Justice and Sustainability, ISSN 1354-9839, E-ISSN 1469-6711, Vol. 20, no 8, 892-907 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The river Paz is a transboundary river that flows through Guatemala and El Salvador. Its frequent floods endanger the lives and livelihoods of downstream communities. Attempts have previously been made to develop flood management programmes for this watershed. However, these approaches were generally made by high-level governmental institutions with few if any contributions from floodplain communities and other stakeholders. Recognising that public consultation is a key aspect in flood management programmes, we intend in this work to extract different stakeholders' views regarding current and future flooding and flood management programmes in the Paz River basin. This is achieved using Future Scenarios Workshops with a projected time horizon of 30 years. The exercise was expected to identify consensual short- and medium–long-term flood management strategies for the Paz River basin that draws on input from inhabitants of flood-prone areas and other stakeholders.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge, 2015. Vol. 20, no 8, 892-907 p.
Keyword [en]
floods, flood management, stakeholder workshops, scenario building
National Category
Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234293DOI: 10.1080/13549839.2013.874986OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-234293DiVA: diva2:755987
Available from: 2014-10-15 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2016-02-11Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management in Guatemala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management in Guatemala
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Floods are a recurrent natural disaster in Guatemala. Heavy and prolonged rainfall often results in floods that affect people’s life and property. Several institutions and policy instruments at local, national or transnational level address flood management.

The purpose of this study is to provide useful insights of the institutional aspects of integrated flood management at local, national and transboundary level in Guatemala. Papers I and II, explore institutions at local level, paper III at national level, while paper IV addresses flood management institutions at transboundary level.

This research found that for the local and national level, there are several institutions concerned with flood management. In contrast, at transboundary level, and especially for international rivers, flood management institutions are largely absent.

At local level, the Local Councils for Development (COCODEs, the acronym in Spanish) are responsible for flood prevention and preparation. While some municipalities are active in flood prevention, response and recovery activities, their limited economic and technical resources restrict their scope of action.  Local stakeholders such as COCODEs, farmers groups and other actors are largely neglected in the decision making process. The National Coordinator for Risk Reduction to Disasters (CONRED, Coordinadora Nacional para Reducción de Desastres), the Secretariat for Planning and Programming of the Presidency (SEGEPLAN, Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia), the Guatemalan Ministry of Infrastructure and other national institutions are in charge of planning and implementing flood management strategies, leaving public involvement of local actors mainly to public consultation. At the Central American level, the Coordination Centre for Natural Disasters Prevention in Central America (CEPREDENAC, Centro de Coordinación para la Prevención de Desastres Naturales en América Central), an institution part of the Central American Integration System (SICA by Spanish acronym), shall promote transboundary cooperation regarding disaster management, including flood management. However, transboundary flood management faces several challenges: territorial disputes and sovereignty issues over international rivers are significant obstacles to the implementation of integrated flood management programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 43 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1192
Guatemala, Floods, Integrated Flood Management, Institutional Aspects
National Category
Environmental Sciences
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234303 (URN)978-91-554-9076-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-12-01, Alex Hambergsalen, Earth Sciences Centre, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Available from: 2014-11-07 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2015-02-03

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Guinea Barrientos, Héctor EstuardoSwain, Ashok
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