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Disaster Management Cooperation in Central America: The Case of Rainfall-induced Natural Disasters
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, Uppsala Centre for Sustainable Development, CSD Uppsala.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Ecology and Genetics, Limnology. Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Earth Sciences, Department of Earth Sciences, LUVAL.
2015 (English)In: Geografiska Annaler. Series A, Physical Geography, ISSN 0435-3676, E-ISSN 1468-0459, Vol. 97, no 1, 85-96 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Rainfall-induced natural disasters rank first among all natural disasters in Central America. Due to the geographical conditions of the Central American region, it is common that two or more countries are struck by the same rainfall event, for example Hurricane Mitch in 1998 affected the entire Central American region, killing more than 18 000 people. As a consequence, Central American countries have started to promote regional policies and programs that aim for better preparation and response to these events, including disaster management cooperation. However, cooperation poses several challenges that may hinder its goals. In order to analyse these challenges, we present analysis in this paper of the current policy and legal institutions as well as the main challenges that may hinder international disaster management cooperation in Central America.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 97, no 1, 85-96 p.
Keyword [en]
Central America, Natural Disasters Management, International Cooperation
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234296DOI: 10.1111/geoa.12095ISI: 000350500400006OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-234296DiVA: diva2:756001
Available from: 2014-10-15 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved
In thesis
1. Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management in Guatemala
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Institutional Aspects of Integrated Flood Management in Guatemala
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

Floods are a recurrent natural disaster in Guatemala. Heavy and prolonged rainfall often results in floods that affect people’s life and property. Several institutions and policy instruments at local, national or transnational level address flood management.

The purpose of this study is to provide useful insights of the institutional aspects of integrated flood management at local, national and transboundary level in Guatemala. Papers I and II, explore institutions at local level, paper III at national level, while paper IV addresses flood management institutions at transboundary level.

This research found that for the local and national level, there are several institutions concerned with flood management. In contrast, at transboundary level, and especially for international rivers, flood management institutions are largely absent.

At local level, the Local Councils for Development (COCODEs, the acronym in Spanish) are responsible for flood prevention and preparation. While some municipalities are active in flood prevention, response and recovery activities, their limited economic and technical resources restrict their scope of action.  Local stakeholders such as COCODEs, farmers groups and other actors are largely neglected in the decision making process. The National Coordinator for Risk Reduction to Disasters (CONRED, Coordinadora Nacional para Reducción de Desastres), the Secretariat for Planning and Programming of the Presidency (SEGEPLAN, Secretaría de Planificación y Programación de la Presidencia), the Guatemalan Ministry of Infrastructure and other national institutions are in charge of planning and implementing flood management strategies, leaving public involvement of local actors mainly to public consultation. At the Central American level, the Coordination Centre for Natural Disasters Prevention in Central America (CEPREDENAC, Centro de Coordinación para la Prevención de Desastres Naturales en América Central), an institution part of the Central American Integration System (SICA by Spanish acronym), shall promote transboundary cooperation regarding disaster management, including flood management. However, transboundary flood management faces several challenges: territorial disputes and sovereignty issues over international rivers are significant obstacles to the implementation of integrated flood management programs.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 43 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1192
Keyword
Guatemala, Floods, Integrated Flood Management, Institutional Aspects
National Category
Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234303 (URN)978-91-554-9076-8 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-12-01, Alex Hambergsalen, Earth Sciences Centre, Villavägen 16, Uppsala, 13:00 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-11-07 Created: 2014-10-15 Last updated: 2015-02-03

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Swain, AshokWallin, Marcus

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