Organocatalytic Acylation for the Kinetic Resolution of Secondary Aryl Alcohols: Synthetic Applications and Mechanistic Studies
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
The research described in this thesis focuses on the catalytic acylative kinetic resolution (KR) of aromatic secondary alcohols, using a planar-chiral 4-(dimethylamino)pyridine (DMAP) organocatalyst.
In the first part of this thesis, the substrate scope of the above mentioned process was expanded to aromatic secondary alcohols that contain an extra functional group in the alkyl moiety, such as 1,2-azido alcohols, 2-hydroxy-2-aryl-ethylphosphonates and 2-hydroxy-2-aryl esters. Thus, the preparation of highly functionalized compounds in their enantiomerically pure form with excellent enantiomeric excess (up to 99% ee) was achieved. Furthermore, the synthetic applicability of this methodology was illustrated through the synthesis of two high value compounds, (R)-Pronethalol and (S)-3-hydroxy-N-methyl-3-phenylpropanamide, which is an immediate precursor of bioactive molecules such as (S)-Fluoxetine.
The second part of this thesis deals with the mechanistic study of the acylative KR catalyzed by the planar-chiral DMAP derivative. Reaction Progress Kinetic Analysis methodology was used in the investigation of the reaction mechanism, probing that no notable product inhibition or decomposition of the catalyst occurs in the studied system. The reaction rate showed fractional order dependence on the concentration of both reactants. Furthermore, NMR spectroscopy was utilized to study the equilibrium between the different catalyst states, which explains the measured kinetics of the reaction.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. , 54 p.
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1191
kinetic resolution, organocatalysis, secondary alcohols, reaction progress kinetic analysis
Research subject Chemistry with specialization in Organic Chemistry
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-233734ISBN: 978-91-554-9075-1OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-233734DiVA: diva2:756041
2014-11-28, A1:111a, BMC, Husargatan 3, Uppsala, 09:00 (English)
Dinér, Peter, Associate Professor
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