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The Parental Knowledge and Monitoring Scale: Psychometrics and relations to conduct problems
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Psychology.ORCID iD: 0000-0001-5331-0158
Karolinska Institutet.
Karolinska Institutet.
(English)Manuscript (preprint) (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This study investigated psychometrics (internal consistency, factor structure) of the Parental Knowledge and Monitoring Scale (PKMS) when used for parents of children aged 10-13 years. We also evaluated PKMS associations to child conduct problems and potential moderators (family warmth, and conflict). Totally 1442 parents participated. The internal consistencies ranged from alpha .70 to .90. A confirmatory factor analysis of the sources of parental knowledge resulted in a fairly acceptable fit for a 4-factor model (Parental Solicitation, Parental Control, Child Disclosure, and Secrecy: RMSEA=.076, CFI=.99, GFI=.94). The subscales correlated positively (Secrecy negatively) with Parental Knowledge. Secrecy was associated with conduct problems in a hierarchical regression analysis. Family warmth and conflict significantly moderated the association of parental knowledge to conduct problems. 

National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology; Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-234910OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-234910DiVA: diva2:758296
Available from: 2014-10-26 Created: 2014-10-26 Last updated: 2015-02-03
In thesis
1. Evaluation of Family Check-Up and iComet: Effectiveness as well as Psychometrics and Norms for Parent Rating Scales
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Evaluation of Family Check-Up and iComet: Effectiveness as well as Psychometrics and Norms for Parent Rating Scales
2014 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

This thesis compromise four studies, three regarding psychometrics and norms of parent rating scales, and one study regarding effectiveness of two different interventions. A normative sample consisting of 1443 parents with children aged 10 to 13 years old, was used in the Study I, II and III. In Study IV, 231 self-referred parents with children aged 10-13 years old with externalizing behavior problem (EBP) were randomized to either Family Check-Up (FCU) or iComet.

The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) used in Study I proved to be a reliable and valid instrument with high internal consistency, clear factor structure and high correlation with other similar instruments. In addition, the results support the online use of SDQ as well as using norms obtained through traditional administration even when the SDQ has been administrated online. The Emotion Regulation Questionnaire (ERQ) investigated in Study II was shown to have adequate reliability and construct validity. The specific use of expressive suppression or cognitive reappraisal as a parental emotion regulation strategy was correlated as expected to the couple’s satisfaction, family warmth, and the employment of adequate discipline strategies. Swedish norms for self-rated ERQs are also presented. Study III investigated the Parental Knowledge and Monitoring Scale (PKMS), which was shown to be a useful instrument for assessing parental knowledge and its sources. Family climate appears to moderate important relationships between parental knowledge and conduct problems with implications for such things as family interventions. Finally, a person-oriented analysis was used in Study IV to subtype the children according to combinations of prosocial behavior and EBP, such as different levels of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms and/or oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) behaviors. Despite being a heterogeneous group of children with EBP, they were meaningfully grouped into significantly different profiles. Both FCU and iComet resulted in post-treatment measurement within non-clinical range for three of the five profiles. The two profiles that included high levels of ADHD behaviors at baseline assessment continued to have residual symptoms post intervention. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2014. 89 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Social Sciences, ISSN 1652-9030 ; 105
Keyword
Norms, rating scales, conduct problems, parent management training, intervention, SDQ, ERQ, parental knowledge and monitoring
National Category
Social Sciences
Research subject
Psychology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235012 (URN)978-91-554-9096-6 (ISBN)
Public defence
2014-12-12, 12:128, Uppsala Universitet, Uppsala, 13:15 (Swedish)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2014-11-21 Created: 2014-10-28 Last updated: 2015-02-03

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Björnsdotter, Annika

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