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The genomic substrate for adaptive radiation in African cichlid fish
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2014 (English)In: Nature, ISSN 0028-0836, E-ISSN 1476-4687, Vol. 513, no 7518, 375-381 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Cichlid fishes are famous for large, diverse and replicated adaptive radiations in the Great Lakes of East Africa. To understand themolecular mechanisms underlying cichlid phenotypic diversity, we sequenced the genomes and transcriptomes of five lineages of African cichlids: the Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), an ancestral lineage with low diversity; and four members of the East African lineage: Neolamprologus brichardi/pulcher (older radiation, Lake Tanganyika), Metriaclima zebra (recent radiation, Lake Malawi), Pundamilia nyererei (very recent radiation, Lake Victoria), and Astatotilapia burtoni (riverine species around Lake Tanganyika). We found an excess of gene duplications in the East African lineage compared to tilapia and other teleosts, an abundance of non-coding element divergence, accelerated coding sequence evolution, expression divergence associated with transposable element insertions, and regulation by novel microRNAs. In addition, we analysed sequence data from sixty individuals representing six closely related species from Lake Victoria, and show genome-wide diversifying selection on coding and regulatory variants, some of which were recruited from ancient polymorphisms. We conclude that a number of molecular mechanisms shaped East African cichlid genomes, and that amassing of standing variation during periods of relaxed purifying selection may have been important in facilitating subsequent evolutionary diversification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 513, no 7518, 375-381 p.
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Microbiology in the medical area Evolutionary Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235066DOI: 10.1038/nature13726ISI: 000341814900051PubMedID: 25186727OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235066DiVA: diva2:759212

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Available from: 2014-10-29 Created: 2014-10-28 Last updated: 2015-02-26Bibliographically approved

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Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin
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Department of Medical Biochemistry and MicrobiologyScience for Life Laboratory, SciLifeLab
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