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Safety analyses in support of neutron detector calibration operations at JET
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Physics, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Applied Nuclear Physics.
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2014 (English)In: Fusion engineering and design, ISSN 0920-3796, Vol. 89, no 9-10, 2204-2209 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Neutron detectors in fusion devices need to be calibrated to provide the absolute neutron yield and the fusion power produced in fusion reactions. A new in situ calibration of the JET neutron detectors was recently performed using a Cf-252 neutron source with intensity of about 2.7 x 10(8) n/s. The source was delivered to the JET facility within a transport flask and the surface radiation levels must fall within transport regulations. Some contingency scenarios required transfer of the source into special shields: the operational shield and the auxiliary shield. In this paper we describe the neutron calculations that have been carried out to evaluate the dose rate leakage from the shields which may contain the neutron source. The calculations have been performed using accurate modelling of the neutron and gamma ray emission from the Cf-252 source, and from the three shields. The differences on calculated dose rates deriving from the use of different flux-to-dose conversion factors have also been investigated. A comparison of dose rates calculated and measured is presented from the bare source (in cell) and with the source within its transport flask. 

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 89, no 9-10, 2204-2209 p.
Keyword [en]
JET, Neutron detector, Calibration, MCNPX, Conversion factors, Dose rate
National Category
Physical Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235059DOI: 10.1016/j.fusengdes.2014.01.069ISI: 000341335300066OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235059DiVA: diva2:759263
Available from: 2014-10-29 Created: 2014-10-28 Last updated: 2014-10-29Bibliographically approved

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