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Principals' goal-setting and actions while managing: An explorative study of locally-created goals and principals’ actions while managing their schools
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]


Large amounts of research have been performed regarding goal-setting and leadership and its effect on organizational performance. However, in school settings, the amount of performed research about leadership performance in relation to goal-setting is limited. The aim of the study was, therefore, to analyze specificity of locally-created goals and the principal’s performance-affecting behaviors during meetings, especially in relation to set goals. Based on Komaki’s research on managerial behavior structured observation was used to analyze the principal’s actions while leading meetings. Adding to the observations Locke & Latham’s Goal-Setting Theory was used to perform a content analysis investigating the specificity of written goals. In total, 56 goals from seven schools in a large county/municipality in Sweden were analyzed. In total, 1,235 minutes of a principal leading their staff during meetings were recorded and analyzed. A majority of the goals written in the schools’ work-plans lacked specificity. This study found that principals talked about their goals while leading their staff at meetings, and they changed their behavior towards a more performance-affecting management style while doing so.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, 2014ht01423
Keyword [en]
School leadership, Goal-Setting, Leadership behavior, Principal actions.
Keyword [sv]
Skolledarskap, Målsättning, Ledarskapsbeteende, Rektorers ageranden
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235236OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235236DiVA: diva2:759478
Subject / course
Pedagogiskt ledarskap
Educational program
Master Programme in Educational Management
Available from: 2014-10-30 Created: 2014-10-30 Last updated: 2014-10-30Bibliographically approved

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