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En intervjustudie gällande skillnad i resutat mellan två avdelningar vid nutritionsmätningar
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Basic level (degree of Bachelor), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Background

Malnutrition in hospitalized patients has a high prevalence. This led to an action plan against malnutrition that was conducted in 2012 at Enköpings hospital. This paper investigated the nursing staff perceptions of this project on nutrition and nutrient intake in two different departments, and whether these perceptions differ between departments.

 

Method

An inductive approach with semi-structured interview was used in interviews with eight persons from the staff of the two departments of the hospital in Enköping involved in the project. Interviews were recorded, transcribed and analyzed by content analysis.

 

Results

In the interview material four categories were identified as well as six different subcategories. The different categories were: "Attitude", "Knowledge", "Procedures" and "Workload". The results showed that there were differences in attitude to the project by the two departments. There were also differences in perceptions about the knowledge level of the staff who worked on the project. However, the staffs of the two departments agreed that there existed a high workload and inadequate procedures on the wards.

 

Conclusions

There was a distinction in the perception of the level of expertise of the staff but consensus regarding inadequate procedures and workload. The differences in attitude are considered due to the high workload and staff turnover but also diffuse professional roles. Further studies in this area is of value to answer more concretely why a department achieves better results than an equivalent department in the same hospital. This essay has only studied if workload and working environment can affect the reception of new routines, so there is scope to identify additional factors.

Abstract [sv]

Bakgrund

Undernäring är underdiagnostiserad hos patienter som är inneliggande på sjukhus. Detta gjorde att en handlingsplan mot undernäring genomfördes 2012 vid Enköpings lasarett. Mätningar av dygnsintaget av energi genomfördes vid två tillfällen på två avdelningar. Denna uppsats undersökte vårdpersonalens uppfattningar om detta projekt gällande nutrition och näringsintag på två olika avdelningar samt om dessa uppfattningar skiljer sig åt mellan avdelningarna.

 

Metod

En induktiv ansats med semistrukturerad intervju användes vid intervjuer av åtta ur personalen på två avdelningar vid lasarettet i Enköping som varit involverade i projektet. Intervjuerna spelades in, transkriberades och analyserades med innehållsanalys.

 

Resultat

I intervjumaterialet identifierades fyra kategorier, samt sex olika underkategorier. De olika kategotierna var: ”Attityd”,”Kunskap”,”Rutiner” samt ”Arbetsbelastning”. Resultatet visade att det fanns skillnader i attityd till projektet vid de två avdelningarna. Det fanns också skillnader angående uppfattningen av kunskapsnivån hos personalen som arbetat med projektet. Däremot så var personalen på de båda avdelningarna överens om att det existerade en hög arbetsbelastning samt bristande rutiner på avdelningarna.

 

Slutsats

Det fanns åtskillnad i uppfattningen av kunskapsnivån hos personalen men konsensus gällande bristande rutiner och hög arbetsbelastning. Olikheterna i attityd anses bero på den höga arbetsbelastningen och personalomsättningen men även diffusa yrkesroller.

Vidare studier inom området är av vikt för att kunna besvara mer konkret varför en avdelning uppnår resultat bättre än en annan likvärdig avdelning på samma sjukhus. Denna uppsats har endast angripit om arbetsbelastning och arbetsklimat kan påverka mottagandet av nya rutiner, så det finns utrymme för att identifiera fler faktorer.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 27 p.
Keyword [en]
nutritional policy, inpatients, malnutrition, personnel hospital, nutritional requirements
Keyword [sv]
näringsriktlinjer, slutenvårdspatienter, undernäring, sjukhuspersonal, näringsbehov
National Category
Nursing
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235426OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235426DiVA: diva2:760095
Subject / course
Caring Sciences
Educational program
Registered Nurse Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2015-01-08 Created: 2014-11-03 Last updated: 2015-01-08Bibliographically approved

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