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The patient´s perspective on the link between ADHD and substance use: A qualitative interview study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Department of Pharmaceutical Biosciences.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Psychiatry, University Hospital.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Attention Disorders, ISSN 1087-0547, E-ISSN 1557-1246, Vol. 19, no 4, 343-350 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Object

The primary aim of this study was to investigate how adult individuals with ADHD perceive the role of alcohol and drugs in their lives. A secondary aim was to identify factors that those individuals consider useful in the treatment and prevention of co-occurring ADHD and substance use disorders.

Method

A qualitative interview study with ADHD outpatients (n=14) at a psychiatric clinic. Data were analyzed based on pre-defined areas of interest using a deductive content analysis method.

Results

The yearning for belongingness was identified as an important driving force underlying substance use. The participants felt that alcohol/drugs helped them being normal and thus respected and accepted. Early diagnosis of ADHD was perceived essential to avoid SUD.

Conclusion

Adults with ADHD may have strong rational and emotional reasons for the use of alcohol and drugs. When planning for the treatment of adult ADHD, investigation of personal reasons for alcohol/drug use deserves a place.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Sage Publications, 2015. Vol. 19, no 4, 343-350 p.
Keyword [en]
Adult ADHD, substance abuse, reasons for co-occurrence, qualitative
National Category
Pharmaceutical Sciences
Research subject
Psychiatry
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235444DOI: 10.1177/1087054714554618ISI: 000350975100008PubMedID: 25359762OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235444DiVA: diva2:760190
Available from: 2014-11-03 Created: 2014-11-03 Last updated: 2017-12-05Bibliographically approved

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Nehlin Gordh, ChristinaNyberg, FredÖster, Caisa

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