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Individuellt ansvarstagande som metod för rättvisa: Hannah Arendts ansvarsbegrepp i relation till Nancy Frasers rättviseteori
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Theology, Department of Theology.
2014 (Swedish)Independent thesis Advanced level (degree of Master (Two Years)), 20 credits / 30 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [sv]

Utgångspunkten i arbetet är att människor som saknar rättigheter behandlas orättvist. Nancy Frasers rättviseteori stärker det påståendet. Hennes tolkning av rättvisa innebär att individer skall ha möjlighet att deltaga som jämlikar i alla strukturer som påverkar individen. Om individen saknar rättigheter saknar hon möjlighet att deltaga som jämlik. Frågeställningen som undersöks är hur Hannah Arendts ansvarbegrepp kan minska orättvisan som individen lider av i och med sin avsaknad av rättigheter. Syftet med undersökningen är att granska huruvida Arendts ansvarsbegrepp fortfarande är relevant. Frasers rättviseteori är ett verktyg för att analysera Arendts ansvarsbegrepp. Tolkningen av ansvarsbegreppet genomförs dels genom argumentationsanalys, och dels genom begreppshistorisk analys.

Resultatet av undersökningen är att Hannah Arendts ansvarsbegrepp kan fungera som en metod för att öka rättvisan ur Nancy Frasers perspektiv. Min tolkning av Arendts teori är att individen skall agera om hon har möjlighet att påverka andra människors liv till det bättre. Arendts ansvarsbegrepp innefattar därmed ett krav på individer att ta ansvar för andra människors livssituationer. Jag menar att det krav på individuellt ansvarstagande som Arendts ansvarsbegrepp innehåller innebär att människors rättigheter stärks. Genom att människors rättigheter stärks minskar orättvisan enligt Fraser.

Abstract [en]

The premise of the study is that a person who has no rights is treated unjustly. The claim is strengthened through Nancy Fraser's theory of justice. Her interpretation of justice means that individuals should have the opportunity to participate as equals in structures that affects the individual. She argues that the individual lacks the ability to participate as an equal if she has no rights. The main question under consideration is how Hannah Arendt's concept of responsibility can contribute to reduce the injustice that people with lack of rights suffer from. The purpose of the study is to investigate whether Arendt's concept of responsibility is relevant. Fraser's theory of justice is a tool to examine Arendt's concept of responsibility. The analysis of the concept of responsibility is performed with an argumentation analysis and a conceptual analysis.

The result of the examined question is that Hannah Arendt's concept of responsibility can serve as a method to increase justice in Nancy Fraser's perspective. My interpretation of Arendt's theory is that responsibility includes an obligation to act if one has the possibility to improve other people's lives. The individual responsibility for other people results in strengthening human's rights. When human’s rights are strengthened the injustice reduces, according to Fraser.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. , 43 p.
Keyword [en]
Hannah Arendt, Nancy Fraser, responsibility, citizenship, rights, justice
Keyword [sv]
Hannah Arendt, Nancy Fraser, ansvar, medborgarskap, rättigheter, rättvisa
National Category
Philosophy, Ethics and Religion
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235495OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235495DiVA: diva2:760866
Educational program
Master Programme in Human Rights
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-11-17 Created: 2014-11-04 Last updated: 2014-11-17Bibliographically approved

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