Intolerance in the Name of Liberalism: Opposition to Muslim Headscarves in Sweden and the Netherlands
2014 (English)In: American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, August 30, 2014 Washington DC, USA., Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network , 2014Conference paper (Refereed)
Opposition to Muslim headscarves remains high in otherwise typically tolerant countries, like Sweden and the Netherlands. One suggested explanation is a mounting concern among liberal Europeans that Muslims threaten liberal values. Yet, the nature of these threatened values remains obscure. Empirical research on anti-Muslim attitudes in general, and their relation to liberal values in particular is limited.What understanding of liberalism characterizes those who oppose Muslim veiling? By studying attitudes towards the veil in a Swedish and a Dutch sample, we test a number of hypotheses informed by political theory, and the burgeoning field of immigration studies, which have rarely been used in political psychology. We include measures of different conceptions of liberalism and value orientations and resistance to Muslim veils.Our analyses suggest that post-materialism values are too crude measures for parsing out intolerance against the Muslim veil in a liberal sample. Positive attitudes to veiling are best predicted by a Reformation Liberalism, a commitment to a diversity-oriented understanding of liberalism. Both Enlightenment Liberalism (emphasizing autonomy) and Romantic Liberalism (stressing authenticity and individuality), on the other hand, seem to induce more negative attitudes towards the headscarf, yet providing mixed results in the two studies. Possible explanations for these mixed results are discussed.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Rochester, NY: Social Science Research Network , 2014.
Political Science (excluding Public Administration Studies and Globalization Studies)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235783OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235783DiVA: diva2:762004
American Political Science Association Annual Meeting, August 30, 2014 Washington DC, USA.
ProjectsThe Impact of Religion