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Pre- and Postmodification in Noun Phrases: A comparison of monolingual, bilingual and multilingual male learners of English in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Educational Sciences, Department of Education.
2014 (English)Independent thesis Advanced level (professional degree), 10 credits / 15 HE creditsStudent thesis
Abstract [en]

Students in Sweden are exposed to English education in the classroom from a very young age. This paper sets out to see whether bilingual or multilingual students perform better than monolingual students when acquiring English as a second or third language in Sweden. The research questions look at whether or not complex noun phrase structures can be connected to the language background of the students. The Dynamic Model of Multilingualism along with Second Language Acquisition theories suggest that students who have already acquired a second language have achieved a multilingual competence that monolingual speakers do not have, and that this multilingual competence can benefit a learner in acquiring additional languages. 64 students submitted language background surveys and essays. 12 essays were chosen to represent three different language categories: monolingual, bilingual and multilingual. The method of comparing the essays was based on the use of complex noun phrases. Two analyses were carried out: 1) on the modification of noun phrases at phrase level, and 2) on the embedding and modification of embedded noun phrases at the clause level. The results of the study are not statistically significant, but they may indicate that bilingual students create the most complex noun phrases, though the monolingual students were not far behind. The multilingual students used the least modification and also the least embedded noun phrases. Further research in this area is warranted based on the results found here.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014.
Series
Examensarbete vid Institutionen för pedagogik, didaktik och utbildningsstudier, 2014vt00815
Keyword [en]
Premodification, Postmodification, Second Language Acquistion, Multilingual Competence
National Category
Educational Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235817OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235817DiVA: diva2:762330
Subject / course
Educational Sciences
Educational program
Teacher Education Programme
Supervisors
Examiners
Available from: 2014-11-12 Created: 2014-11-11 Last updated: 2014-11-12Bibliographically approved

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CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

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Citation style
  • apa
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
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