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Photocatalytic degradation of azo dye Reactive Red 15 over synthesized titanium and zinc oxides photocatalysts: a comparative study
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Solid State Physics.
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2012 (English)In: Desalination and Water Treatment, ISSN 1944-3994, E-ISSN 1944-3986, Vol. 48, no 1-3, 120-129 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Nanoparticle TiO2 and ZnO were prepared by facile method. The XRD pattern study shows that there is no obvious difference in crystal composition of various shapes of TiO2 and ZnO. The photocatalytic degradation of Reactive Red 15, commonly used as a textile dye, using synthesized titanium and zinc oxides was investigated. The effects of influential parameters such as initial pH, catalyst loading, initial dye concentration and addition of hydrogen peroxide were studied. The degradation efficiency was expressed by the removal of color and chemical oxygen demand (COD). The study reveals that: (1) Both catalysts, under corresponding optimal conditions, can be employed as an effective photocatalyst for the elimination of color and COD from dye wastewater. Also, ZnO is more efficient catalyst than TiO2; (2) Addition of proper amount of hydrogen peroxide improves both the decolorization and the degradation of the dye; (3) The photocatalytic degradation of Reactive Red 15, in the presence of both photocatalysts, obeyed pseudo-first order kinetics. The biodegradability ratio BOD5/COD increases from original zero up to 0.52 and 0.6 within 90 minutes irradiation time using 1 and 0.75 g/L TiO2 and ZnO, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2012. Vol. 48, no 1-3, 120-129 p.
Keyword [en]
Nanoparticle, Photocatalytic oxidation, Titanium dioxide, Zinc oxide, Azo dyes, Reactive Red 15, Biodegradability
National Category
Chemical Process Engineering
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-235888DOI: 10.1080/19443994.2012.698803ISI: 000311371500013OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-235888DiVA: diva2:762440
Available from: 2014-11-11 Created: 2014-11-11 Last updated: 2014-11-11

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Österlund, Lars
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Solid State Physics
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