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Body composition, dietary intake and estimated energy expenditure in female patients on geriatric rehabilitation wards
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Geriatrics.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences.
2003 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, Vol. 47, no 4, 179-187 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]


An adequate nutritional status is a prerequisite for successful rehabilitation.Objective: To examine body composition, to investigate nutritional intake, to calculate energy expenditure inelderly females at a geriatric rehabilitation clinic, to classify whether they were considered as undernourishedor at risk of becoming undernourished, and to investigate the subjects’ opinions on diet-related issues.


20 patients aged 829/6 (mean9/SD) years participated. Percentage body fat was calculated fromskinfold thickness measurements, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and a combination of the two in amulticompartment model. Dietary intake was assessed through a 7 day food record. Energy expenditure wascalculated with three established formulae and physical activity level (PAL) factors of 1.2 and 1.4. Questionswere asked on diet-related issues.


Average BMI was 23.79/4.5 kg m2 and four subjects had BMIB/20. Relative body fat mass asassessed by skinfold was 29.89/6.9%, by BIA 38.99/7.7% and by a multicompartment model 35.59/7.1%.Mean energy intake was 13409/170 kcal (5.69/0.7 MJ), around 79% of the recommended daily intake. In 18of 19 subjects the observed dietary energy intake was lower than estimated energy expenditure when using twoof the formulae and a PAL factor of 1.4. All subjects considered that they received a sufficient amount offood.


Only one of the subjects had a satisfactory energy intake relative to calculated energyexpenditure, although all believed that they received sufficient food. Four subjects were considered asundernourished (BMIB/20) and all others as at risk of undernutrition.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 47, no 4, 179-187 p.
Keyword [en]
Bioelectrical impedance, energy intake, nutritional status, skinfold, undernutrition
National Category
Food Science
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-48349DOI: 10.1080/11026480310018014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-48349DiVA: diva2:76255
Available from: 2008-10-17 Created: 2008-10-17 Last updated: 2013-10-09Bibliographically approved

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Olsson, ErikaKarlström, Brita
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GeriatricsDepartment of Public Health and Caring Sciences
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