Body composition, dietary intake and estimated energy expenditure in female patients on geriatric rehabilitation wards
2003 (English)In: Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition/Næringsforskning, ISSN 1102-6480, Vol. 47, no 4, 179-187 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
An adequate nutritional status is a prerequisite for successful rehabilitation.Objective: To examine body composition, to investigate nutritional intake, to calculate energy expenditure inelderly females at a geriatric rehabilitation clinic, to classify whether they were considered as undernourishedor at risk of becoming undernourished, and to investigate the subjects’ opinions on diet-related issues.
20 patients aged 829/6 (mean9/SD) years participated. Percentage body fat was calculated fromskinfold thickness measurements, bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and a combination of the two in amulticompartment model. Dietary intake was assessed through a 7 day food record. Energy expenditure wascalculated with three established formulae and physical activity level (PAL) factors of 1.2 and 1.4. Questionswere asked on diet-related issues.
Average BMI was 23.79/4.5 kg m2 and four subjects had BMIB/20. Relative body fat mass asassessed by skinfold was 29.89/6.9%, by BIA 38.99/7.7% and by a multicompartment model 35.59/7.1%.Mean energy intake was 13409/170 kcal (5.69/0.7 MJ), around 79% of the recommended daily intake. In 18of 19 subjects the observed dietary energy intake was lower than estimated energy expenditure when using twoof the formulae and a PAL factor of 1.4. All subjects considered that they received a sufficient amount offood.
Only one of the subjects had a satisfactory energy intake relative to calculated energyexpenditure, although all believed that they received sufficient food. Four subjects were considered asundernourished (BMIB/20) and all others as at risk of undernutrition.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2003. Vol. 47, no 4, 179-187 p.
Bioelectrical impedance, energy intake, nutritional status, skinfold, undernutrition
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-48349DOI: 10.1080/11026480310018014OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-48349DiVA: diva2:76255