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A two-decade perspective on mothers' experiences and feelings related to breastfeeding initiation in Sweden
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Caring Sciences.
2014 (English)In: Sexual & Reproductive HealthCare, ISSN 1877-5756, Vol. 5, no 3, 125-130 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Objective: The purpose was to examine mothers' experiences and feelings related to breastfeeding initiation from a two-decade perspective. Methods: A repeated cross-sectional survey was conducted at a maternity ward before and after introduction of Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative (BFHI) and in a follow-up survey. Women participated in 1992 (n = 83), 1993 (n = 74) and 2011 (n = 94). Results: The duration of time at the first suckling differed; in 2011, the baby sucked 24.4 minutes compared to 12.7 minutes in 1992 (p < .001) and 13.6 minutes in 1993 (p < .001). In 1992, 34.6% of the women reported using supplementary formula compared with 5.9% in 1993 and 9.3% in 2011 (p < .001). The mothers' contacts with the child or the father as well as their moods did not vary during the years. Mothers rated their feelings towards breastfeeding as being lower in 2011 than in 1992 and 1993 (p = .008). In 2011, mothers experienced breastfeeding as being more difficult and reported a higher degree of tension, insecurity and anxiety. Conclusions: Supplementation was given to healthy newborn infants, which does not conform to BFHIs intentions. Routines and support in relation to breastfeeding initiation need to be continuously evaluated in order to strengthen and sustain the BFHI.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 5, no 3, 125-130 p.
Keyword [en]
Breastfeeding, Initiation, Mothers' experiences, Baby Friendly Hospital Initiative
National Category
Environmental Health and Occupational Health
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236071DOI: 10.1016/j.srhc.2014.04.001ISI: 000342889200007PubMedID: 25200973OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236071DiVA: diva2:762729
Available from: 2014-11-12 Created: 2014-11-12 Last updated: 2014-11-12Bibliographically approved

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Oscarsson, Marie G.
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