Graphene oxide hydration and solvation: an in situ neutron reflectivity study
2014 (English)In: Nanoscale, ISSN 2040-3364, E-ISSN 2040-3372, Vol. 6, no 20, 12151-12156 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Graphene oxide membranes were recently suggested for applications in separation of ethanol from water using a vapor permeation method. Using isotope contrast, neutron reflectivity was applied to evaluate the amounts of solvents intercalated into a membrane from pure and binary vapors and to evaluate the selectivity of the membrane permeation. Particularly, the effect of D2O, ethanol and D2O-ethanol vapours on graphene oxide (GO) thin films (similar to 25 nm) was studied. The interlayer spacing of GO and the amount of intercalated solvents were evaluated simultaneously as a function of vapour exposure duration. The significant difference in neutron scattering length density between D2O and ethanol allows distinguishing insertion of each component of the binary mixture into the GO structure. The amount of intercalated solvent at saturation corresponds to 1.4 molecules per formula unit for pure D2O (similar to 1.4 monolayers) and 0.45 molecules per formula unit (one monolayer) for pure ethanol. This amount is in addition to H2O absorbed at ambient humidity. Exposure of the GO film to ethanol-D2O vapours results in intercalation of GO with both solvents even for high ethanol concentration. A mixed D2O-ethanol layer inserted into the GO structure is water enriched compared to the composition of vapours due to slower ethanol diffusion into GO interlayers.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 6, no 20, 12151-12156 p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236108DOI: 10.1039/c4nr03621bISI: 000343000800070OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236108DiVA: diva2:762740