Stokes IQUV magnetic Doppler imaging of Ap stars - III. Next generation chemical abundance mapping of alpha(2) CVn
2014 (English)In: Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, ISSN 0035-8711, E-ISSN 1365-2966, Vol. 444, no 2, 1442-1452 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
In a previous paper, we presented an updated magnetic field map for the chemically peculiar star alpha(2) CVn using ESPaDOnS and Narval time-resolved high-resolution Stokes IQUV spectra. In this paper, we focus on mapping various chemical element distributions on the surface of alpha(2) CVn. With the new magnetic field map and new chemical abundance distributions, we can investigate the interplay between the chemical abundance structures and the magnetic field topology on the surface of alpha(2) CVn. Previous attempts at chemical abundance mapping of alpha(2) CVn relied on lower resolution data. With our high-resolution (R = 65 000) data set, we present nine chemical abundance maps for the elements O, Si, Cl, Ti, Cr, Fe, Pr, Nd and Eu. We also derive an updated magnetic field map from Fe and Cr lines in Stokes IQUV and O and Cl in Stokes IV. These new maps are inferred from line profiles in Stokes IV using the magnetic Doppler imaging code INVERS10. We examine these new chemical maps and investigate correlations with the magnetic topology of alpha(2) CVn. We show that chemical abundance distributions vary between elements, with two distinct groups of elements; one accumulates close to the negative part of the radial field, whilst the other group shows higher abundances located where the radial magnetic field is of the order of 2 kG regardless of the polarity of the radial field component. We compare our results with previous works which have mapped chemical abundance structures of Ap stars. With the exception of Cr and Fe, we find no clear trend between what we reconstruct and other mapping results. We also find a lack of agreement with theoretical predictions. This suggests that there is a gap in our theoretical understanding of the formation of horizontal chemical abundance structures and the connection to the magnetic field in Ap stars.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 444, no 2, 1442-1452 p.
stars: chemically peculiar, stars: magnetic field
Astronomy, Astrophysics and Cosmology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236033DOI: 10.1093/mnras/stu1531ISI: 000342926300031OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236033DiVA: diva2:764215