Assessing cement injection behaviour in cancellous bone: An in vitro study using flow models
2014 (English)In: Journal of biomaterials applications, ISSN 0885-3282, E-ISSN 1530-8022, Vol. 29, no 4, 582-594 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Understanding the cement injection behaviour during vertebroplasty and accurately predicting the cement placement within the vertebral body is extremely challenging. As there is no standardized methodology, we propose a novel method using reproducible and pathologically representative flow models to study the influence of cement properties on injection behaviour. The models, confined between an upper glass window and a lower aluminium plate, were filled with bone marrow substitute and then injected (4, 6 and 8min after cement mixing) with commercially available bone cements (SimplexP, Opacity+, OsteopalV and Parallax) at a constant flow rate (3mL/min). A load cell was used to measure the force applied on the syringe plunger and calculate the peak pressure. A camera was used to monitor the cement flow during injection and calculate the following parameters when the cement had reached the boundary of the models: the time to reach the boundary, the filled area and the roundness. The peak pressure was comparable to that reported during clinical vertebroplasty and showed a similar increase with injection time. The study highlighted the influence of cement formulations and model structure on the injection behaviour and showed that cements with similar composition/particle size had similar flow behaviour, while the introduction of defects reduced the time to reach the boundary, the filled area and the roundness. The proposed method provides a novel tool for quick, robust differentiation between various cement formulations through the visualization and quantitative analysis of the cement spreading at various time intervals.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 29, no 4, 582-594 p.
Bone cement, bone surrogates, cement flow behaviour, vertebral augmentation, cement leakage
Biomaterials Science Engineering and Technology
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236052DOI: 10.1177/0885328214537858ISI: 000342807300009PubMedID: 24913614OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236052DiVA: diva2:764314