Valorization and management of the built heritage of fortified towns: The cases of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites of Sabbioneta, Italy, and Visby, Sweden
2016 (English)In: Sguardi ed esperienze sulla conservazione del patrimonio storico architettonico: Proceedings of the International Conference Preventive and Planned Conservation Monza, Mantova - 5-9 May 2014, Milano, 2016, 29-43 p.Conference paper (Refereed)
The purpose of this paper is to discuss the challenges of managing complex built heritage by comparing site-bound policies in a historical perspective. The World Heritage Sites of Mantova-Sabbioneta, Italy, and Visby, Sweden, are used as cases. Their defensive structures attract numerous visitors, however they have proven to be difficult to maintain because of size, complexity and organizational problems. Questions asked in this paper are: Exactly how was built heritage in these places valorized throughout the 20th century? What has the UNESCO nomination of the sites meant for the valorization process? The small Renaissance town of Sabbioneta and the medieval inner city of Visby both have preserved city walls. Management of them demands resources but also cooperation of stakeholders, here identified as monuments offices, plan- ning departments, property owners and citizens.
By making transnational comparisons of the management of sites an in- creased knowledge on how to manage fortified towns without decreasing their economical, historical and aesthetic values may emerge. Today the heritage of Visby and Sabbioneta is so obvious that we risk taking their values for granted, but the valorization of these sites have actually sprung out of the development of modern urban society. World heritage sites need to be managed in sustaina- ble ways if their values are to be preserved. (Pedersen 2002, Clark 2010)
An important aim with the paper is to begin comparing the management of fortifications at these sites. Each case is presented, followed by a comparative discussion of challenges to management today.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Milano, 2016. 29-43 p.
Research subject Conservation (HGO)
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236579OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236579DiVA: diva2:764642
Preventive and Planned Conservation Conference, Politecnico di Milano, Monza-Mantua 5-9 May 2014