High-Energy Quasi-Monoenergetic Neutron Fields: Existing Facilities and Future Needs
2014 (English)In: Radiation Protection Dosimetry, ISSN 0144-8420, E-ISSN 1742-3406, Vol. 161, no 1-4, 62-66 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
The argument that well-characterised quasi-monoenergetic neutron (QMN) sources reaching into the energy domain >20 MeV are needed is presented. A brief overview of the existing facilities is given, and a list of key factors that an ideal QMN source for dosimetry and spectrometry should offer is presented. The authors conclude that all of the six QMN facilities currently in existence worldwide operate in sub-optimal conditions for dosimetry. The only currently available QMN facility in Europe capable of operating at energies >40 MeV, TSL in Uppsala, Sweden, is threatened with shutdown in the immediate future. One facility, NFS at GANIL, France, is currently under construction. NFS could deliver QMN beams up to about 30 MeV. It is, however, so far not clear if and when NFS will be able to offer QMN beams or operate with only so-called white neutron beams. It is likely that by 2016, QMN beams with energies >40 MeV will be available only in South Africa and Japan, with none in Europe.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 161, no 1-4, 62-66 p.
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging Environmental Health and Occupational Health
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-236564DOI: 10.1093/rpd/nct259ISI: 000343057600012PubMedID: 24153422OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-236564DiVA: diva2:764833