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Algorithm for the Calculation of the Translator Position in Permanent Magnet Linear Generators
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Technology, Department of Engineering Sciences, Electricity.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Renewable and Sustainable Energy, ISSN 1941-7012, E-ISSN 1941-7012, Vol. 6, no 6, 063102- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A permanent magnet linear generator for direct drive wave energy converters is a suitable power take-off system for ocean wave energy extraction, especially when coupled with a point absorbing buoy via a connection line. The performance of the linear generator is affected by the excursion of the translator along the stator. The optimal stroke is achieved when the midpoint of the oscillations coincides with the center of the stator. However, sea level changes due to, e.g., tides will shift these oscillations. This paper proposes a model able to detect the position of the translator from the generator output voltage. The algorithm will be integrated in the control system of a mechanical device that adjusts the length of the connection line in order to center the average position of the translator with the center of the stator. Thereby, the output power from the wave energy converter increases, and the mechanical stresses on the hull of the generator decrease. The results obtained by the model show good agreement with the experimental results from two linear generators, L2 and L3, deployed in the Lysekil wave energy research site, Sweden. The theoretical results differ from the experimental results by −4 mm for L2 and 21 mm for L3 with a standard deviation of 27 mm and 31 mm, respectively.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 6, no 6, 063102- p.
Keyword [en]
ocean waves, permanent magnet generators, stators, wave power generation, linear machines
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-237446DOI: 10.1063/1.4900553ISI: 000347152500003OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-237446DiVA: diva2:767991
Available from: 2014-12-02 Created: 2014-12-02 Last updated: 2017-12-05
In thesis
1. Sea Level Compensation System for Wave Energy Converters
Open this publication in new window or tab >>Sea Level Compensation System for Wave Energy Converters
2016 (English)Doctoral thesis, comprehensive summary (Other academic)
Abstract [en]

The wave energy converter developed at Uppsala University consists of a linear generator at the seabed driven by the motion of a buoy on the water surface. The energy absorbed by the generator is negatively affected by variations of the mean sea level caused by tides, changes in barometric pressure, strong winds, and storm surges.

The work presented in this doctoral thesis aims to investigate the losses in energy absorption for the present generation wave energy converter due to the effect of sea level variations, mainly caused by tides. This goal is achieved through the modeling of the interaction between the waves and the point absorber. An estimation of the economic cost that these losses imply is also made. Moreover, solutions on how to reduce the negative effect of sea level variations are discussed. To this end, two compensation systems which adjust the length of the connection line between the floater and the generator are designed, and the first prototype is built and tested near the Lysekil research site.

The theoretical study assesses the energy loss at about 400 coastal points all over the world and for one generator design. The results highlight critical locations where the need for a compensation system appears compelling. The same hydro-mechanic model is applied to a specific site, the Wave Hub on the west coast of Cornwall, United Kingdom, where the energy loss is calculated to be about 53 %. The experimental work led to the construction of a buoy equipped with a screw jack together with its control, measurement and communication systems. The prototype, suitable for sea level variations of small range, is tested and its performance evaluated. A second prototype, suitable for high range variations, is also designed and is currently under construction.

One main conclusion is that including the compensation systems in the design of the wave energy converter will increase the competitiveness of the technology from an economic point of view by decreasing its cost per kWh. The need for a cost-effective wave energy converter with increased survivability emphasizes the importance of the presented research and its future development.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Uppsala: Acta Universitatis Upsaliensis, 2016. 71 p.
Series
Digital Comprehensive Summaries of Uppsala Dissertations from the Faculty of Science and Technology, ISSN 1651-6214 ; 1386
Keyword
Ocean energy, Tides, Linear generator, Point absorber, Offshore experiment, Hydro-mechanic modeling, Power absorption, Control system, Communication system, Measurement system, Lysekil research site, Wave Hub.
National Category
Engineering and Technology
Identifiers
urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-295603 (URN)978-91-554-9613-5 (ISBN)
External cooperation:
Public defence
2016-09-09, Polhemsalen, Ångströmlaboratoriet, Lägerhyddsvägen 1, Uppsala, 09:15 (English)
Opponent
Supervisors
Available from: 2016-08-19 Created: 2016-06-08 Last updated: 2016-08-25

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Publisher's full texthttp://scitation.aip.org/content/aip/journal/jrse/6/6/10.1063/1.4900553

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Castellucci, ValeriaAbrahamsson, JohanSvensson, OlleWaters, Rafael

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