On the potential roles of ticks and migrating birds in the ecology of West Nile virus
2014 (English)In: Infection Ecology & Epidemiology, ISSN 2000-8686, Vol. 4, 20943- p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
BACKGROUND: Mosquitoes are the primary vectors of West Nile virus (WNV). Ticks have, however, been suggested to be potential reservoirs of WNV. In order to investigate their role in the spread of the virus, ticks, which had been collected from birds migrating northwards from Africa to Europe, were analyzed for the potential presence of WNV-RNA.
METHODS: On the Mediterranean islands Capri and Antikythira a total of 14,824 birds were captured and investigated from which 747 ticks were collected.
RESULTS AND CONCLUSION: Most of the identified ticks (93%) were nymphs and larvae of Hyalomma marginatum sensu lato, most of which were or appear to be Hyalomma rufipes. Of these ticks 729 were individually screened for WNV-RNA. None of the ticks was found to be WNV positive. Thus, there was no evidence that Hyalomma marginatum s.l. ticks play a role in the spread of WNV from Africa to Europe.
Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 4, 20943- p.
IdentifiersURN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-237462DOI: 10.3402/iee.v4.20943PubMedID: 24455105OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-237462DiVA: diva2:768040