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In Vivo Quantification of Hypoxic and Metabolic Status of NSCLC Tumors Using [18F]HX4 and [18F]FDG-PET/CT Imaging.
Maastricht University Medical Centre.
Maastricht University Medical Centre.
Maastricht University Medical Centre.
Maastricht University Medical Centre.
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2014 (English)In: Clinical cancer research, ISSN 1078-0432, Vol. 20, no 24, 6389-6397 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

PURPOSE: Increased tumor metabolism and hypoxia are related to poor prognosis in solid tumors, including non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). PET imaging is a noninvasive technique that is frequently used to visualize and quantify tumor metabolism and hypoxia. The aim of this study was to perform an extensive comparison of tumor metabolism using 2[(18)F]fluoro-2-deoxy-d-glucose (FDG)-PET and hypoxia using HX4-PET imaging.

EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN: FDG- and HX4-PET/CT images of 25 patients with NSCLC were coregistered. At a global tumor level, HX4 and FDG parameters were extracted from the gross tumor volume (GTV). The HX4 high-fraction (HX4-HF) and HX4 high-volume (HX4-HV) were defined using a tumor-to-blood ratio > 1.4. For FDG high-fraction (FDG-HF) and FDG high-volume (FDG-HV), a standardized uptake value (SUV) > 50% of SUVmax was used. We evaluated the spatial correlation between HX4 and FDG uptake within the tumor, to quantify the (mis)match between volumes with a high FDG and high HX4 uptake.

RESULTS: At a tumor level, significant correlations were observed between FDG and HX4 parameters. For the primary GTV, the HX4-HF was three times smaller compared with the FDG-HF. In 53% of the primary lesions, less than 1 cm(3) of the HX4-HV was outside the FDG-HV; for 37%, this volume was 1.9 to 12 cm(3). Remarkably, a distinct uptake pattern was observed in 11%, with large hypoxic volumes localized outside the FDG-HV.

CONCLUSION: Hypoxic tumor volumes are smaller than metabolic active volumes. Approximately half of the lesions showed a good spatial correlation between the PET tracers. In the other cases, a (partial) mismatch was observed. The addition of HX4-PET imaging has the potential to individualize patient treatment. Clin Cancer Res; 1-9. ©2014 AACR.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 20, no 24, 6389-6397 p.
National Category
Cancer and Oncology
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-237885DOI: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-14-1524PubMedID: 25316821OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-237885DiVA: diva2:769414
Available from: 2014-12-08 Created: 2014-12-08 Last updated: 2014-12-22

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