uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Professional language in Swedish clinical text: Linguistic characterization and comparative studies
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Humanities and Social Sciences, Faculty of Languages, Department of Linguistics and Philology.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4838-6518
2014 (English)In: Nordic Journal of Linguistics, ISSN 0332-5865, E-ISSN 1502-4717, Vol. 37, no 2, 297-323 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

This study investigates the linguistic characteristics of Swedish clinical text in radiology reports and doctor's daily notes from electronic health records (EHRs) in comparison to general Swedish and biomedical journal text. We quantify linguistic features through a comparative register analysis to determine how the free text of EHRs differ from general and biomedical Swedish text in terms of lexical complexity, word and sentence composition, and common sentence structures. The linguistic features are extracted using state-of-the-art computational tools: a tokenizer, a part-of-speech tagger, and scripts for statistical analysis. Results show that technical terms and abbreviations are more frequent in clinical text, and lexical variance is low. Moreover, clinical text frequently omit subjects, verbs, and function words resulting in shorter sentences. Clinical text not only differs from general Swedish, but also internally, across its sub-domains, e.g. sentences lacking verbs are significantly more frequent in radiology reports. These results provide a foundation for future development of automatic methods for EHR simplification or clarification.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 37, no 2, 297-323 p.
Keyword [en]
clinical text, comparative register analysis, doctor's daily notes, electronic health records, medical terminology, part-of-speech tagging, radiology reports
National Category
General Language Studies and Linguistics
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-238593DOI: 10.1017/S0332586514000213ISI: 000344015200007OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-238593DiVA: diva2:772147
Available from: 2014-12-16 Created: 2014-12-14 Last updated: 2016-03-08Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full text

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Megyesi, Beata
By organisation
Department of Linguistics and Philology
In the same journal
Nordic Journal of Linguistics
General Language Studies and Linguistics

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 170 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link