uu.seUppsala University Publications
Change search
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Prevalence and cost of epilepsy in Sweden -: a register-based approach
Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine/Neurology, University of Linköping, UHL, County Council, Linköping, Sweden.
2015 (English)In: Acta Neurologica Scandinavica, ISSN 0001-6314, E-ISSN 1600-0404, Vol. 131, no 1, 37-44 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

OBJECTIVES: To estimate the prevalence of epilepsy, costs associated with in- and outpatient care, drug utilization and productivity losses due to epilepsy in Sweden for the years 2005 and 2011.

METHODS: Cost components were calculated using registry data on inpatient- and outpatient-care utilization, drug sales and early pensions granted due to permanent disability and mortality. Moreover, by cross-identification of information in healthcare and pharmaceutical registries, we were able to distinguish between pharmaceuticals prescribed for epilepsy and non-epilepsy indications.

RESULTS: The prevalence of epilepsy was estimated at 0.62% in 2005 and 0.88% in 2011. The total cost of epilepsy increased during the same period, while the per-patient cost decreased from €2929 to €1729. Direct medical costs accounted for about 36% of the estimated total cost in 2005 and 60% in 2011. The estimated healthcare cost due to epilepsy as a share of total healthcare costs for all illnesses was about the same in 2005 as in 2011 (0.2%), while the corresponding pharmaceutical cost increased from about 0.5% in 2005 to almost 1% in 2011.

CONCLUSIONS: The per-patient cost of epilepsy is substantial, implying a significant aggregated cost incurred on society (despite a prevalence < 1%). Our results suggest that the per-patient pharmaceutical utilization increased, while the per-patient physician visits and hospitalizations decreased, between 2005 and 2011. Moreover, we demonstrate that the 2005 prevalence measure was underestimated the true prevalence in 2005.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 131, no 1, 37-44 p.
National Category
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-238943DOI: 10.1111/ane.12297PubMedID: 25195857OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-238943DiVA: diva2:772856
Available from: 2014-12-17 Created: 2014-12-17 Last updated: 2015-06-03Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

No full text

Other links

Publisher's full textPubMed

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Landtblom, Anne-Marie
In the same journal
Acta Neurologica Scandinavica

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

Altmetric score

Total: 169 hits
ReferencesLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link