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Interconnection and Synchronization of Neuronal Populations in the Mouse Medial Septum/Diagonal Band of Brocca
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Neuroscience, Developmental Genetics.
2015 (English)In: Journal of Neurophysiology, ISSN 0022-3077, E-ISSN 1522-1598, Vol. 113, no 3, 971-980 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

The medial septum/diagonal band of Broca (MS/DBB) is crucial for hippocampal theta rhythm generation (4-12Hz). However, the mechanisms behind theta rhythmogenesis are still under debate. The MS/DBB consists, in its majority, of three neuronal populations that use either acetylcholine, GABA or glutamate as neurotransmitters. While the firing patterns of septal neurons enable the MS/DBB to generate rhythmic output critical for the generation of the hippocampal theta rhythm, the ability to synchronize these action potentials is dependent on the interconnectivity between the three major MS/DBB neuronal populations. Yet little is known about intraseptal connections. Here we assess the connectivity between pairs of MS/DBB neurons using paired patch-clamp recordings. We found that glutamatergic and GABAergic neurons provide intraseptal connections and produce sizable currents in MS/DBB postsynaptic cells. We also analyzed linear and non-linear relationships between the action potentials fired by pairs of neurons belonging to various MS/DBB neuronal populations. Our results show that while the synchrony index for action potential firing was significantly higher in pairs of GABAergic neurons coherence of action potential firing in the theta range was similarly low in all pairs analyzed. Recurrence analysis demonstrated that individual action potentials were more recurrent in cholinergic neurons than other cell types. Implementing sparse connectivity in a computer model of the MS/DBB network reproduced our experimental data. We conclude that the interplay between the intrinsic membrane properties of different MS/DBB neuronal populations and the connectivity amongst these populations underlies the ability of the MS/DBB network to critically contribute to hippocampal theta rhythmogenesis.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2015. Vol. 113, no 3, 971-980 p.
National Category
Biological Sciences
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-239637DOI: 10.1152/jn.00367.2014ISI: 000349256300028PubMedID: 25392162OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-239637DiVA: diva2:774897
Available from: 2014-12-29 Created: 2014-12-29 Last updated: 2015-03-16Bibliographically approved

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