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Empirical valence bond simulations of the hydride transfer step in the monoamine oxidase B catalyzed metabolism of dopamine
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Science and Technology, Biology, Department of Cell and Molecular Biology, Computational and Systems Biology.
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2014 (English)In: Proteins: Structure, Function, and Genetics, ISSN 0887-3585, E-ISSN 1097-0134, Vol. 82, no 12, 3347-3355 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Monoamine oxidases (MAOs) A and B are flavoenzymes responsible for the metabolism of biogenic amines such as dopamine, serotonin and noradrenaline. In this work, we present a comprehensive study of the rate-limiting step of dopamine degradation by MAO B, which consists in the hydride transfer from the methylene group of the substrate to the flavin moiety of the FAD prosthetic group. This article builds on our previous quantum chemical study of the same reaction using a cluster model (Vianello et al., Eur J Org Chem 2012; 7057), but now considering the full dimensionality of the hydrated enzyme with extensive configurational sampling. We show that MAO B is specifically tuned to catalyze the hydride transfer step from the substrate to the flavin moiety of the FAD prosthetic group and that it lowers the activation barrier by 12.3 kcal mol(-1) compared to the same reaction in aqueous solution, a rate enhancement of more than nine orders of magnitude. Taking into account the deprotonation of the substrate prior to the hydride transfer reaction, the activation barrier in the enzyme is calculated to be 16.1 kcal mol(-1), in excellent agreement with the experimental value of 16.5 kcal mol(-1). Additionally, we demonstrate that the protonation state of the active site residue Lys296 does not have an influence on the hydride transfer reaction.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 82, no 12, 3347-3355 p.
Keyword [en]
computational chemistry, enzyme catalysis, kinetics, neurotransmitters, flavins
National Category
Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-239757DOI: 10.1002/prot.24690ISI: 000345305400010PubMedID: 25220264OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-239757DiVA: diva2:775281
Swedish Research Council, 2010-5026
Available from: 2014-12-31 Created: 2014-12-30 Last updated: 2014-12-31Bibliographically approved

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