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Evaluation of a metal artifact reduction algorithm in CT studies used for proton radiotherapy treatment planning
Uppsala University, Disciplinary Domain of Medicine and Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science, Medical Radiation Sciences.
2014 (English)In: Journal of Applied Clinical Medical Physics, ISSN 1526-9914, Vol. 15, no 5, 112-119 p.Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

Metal objects in the body such as hip prostheses cause artifacts in CT images. When CT images degraded by artifacts are used for treatment planning of radiotherapy, the artifacts can yield inaccurate dose calculations and, for particle beams, erroneous penetration depths. A metal artifact reduction software (O-MAR) installed on a Philips Brilliance Big Bore CT has been tested for applications in treatment planning of proton radiotherapy. Hip prostheses mounted in a water phantom were used as test objects. Images without metal objects were acquired and used as reference data for the analysis of artifact-affected regions outside of the metal objects in both the O-MAR corrected and the uncorrected images. Water equivalent thicknesses (WET) based on proton stopping power data were calculated to quantify differences in the calculated proton beam penetration for the different image sets. The WET to a selected point of interest between the hip prostheses was calculated for several beam directions of clinical relevance. The results show that the calculated differences in WET relative to the reference case were decreased when the O-MAR algorithm was applied. WET differences up to 2.0 cm were seen in the uncorrected case while, for the O-MAR corrected case, the maximum difference was decreased to 0.4 cm. The O-MAR algorithm can significantly improve the accuracy in proton range calculations. However, there are some residual effects, and the use of proton beam directions along artifact streaks should only be used with caution and appropriate margins.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
2014. Vol. 15, no 5, 112-119 p.
Keyword [en]
metal artifact reduction, radiation therapy, water equivalent thickness, proton range
National Category
Radiology, Nuclear Medicine and Medical Imaging
URN: urn:nbn:se:uu:diva-240031ISI: 000345121900010OAI: oai:DiVA.org:uu-240031DiVA: diva2:775811
Available from: 2015-01-05 Created: 2015-01-05 Last updated: 2015-01-05Bibliographically approved

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Ahnesjö, Anders
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